Since their entryin the market in 1962, the composite filler materials have made significant progress and have been very successful.They can be considered as a very successful treatment material especially for aesthetic restorations of the teeth located in the anterior region.
The restorative treatments using aesthetic composite resins have achieved to get a very important place in the modern dentistry.The composite restorative filler materials exhibit very reliable bonding to the tooth enamel as long as they are applied with the right technique.Thanks to the direct composite filling materials and the advanced optical properties of today's composite resins, the opaque and translucent areas of the dental tissues can be imitated in a natural and aesthetic way.In addition, this treatment method can be used without damaging the teeth and without causing any tissue loss in the teeth.The direct and indirect composite laminate methods are the most important restorative treatment methods using these materials.In the direct composite laminate method, the treatments are administered directly by the physician in the mouth and completed in a single session.In the indirect composite laminate method, the laminate prepared outside the mouth using measurements and models obtained through the mouth are then glued to the teeth in the mouth and the process is completed.
DIRECT COMPOSITE LAMINATE
The treatments made by using the direct composite laminate method can be listed as the elimination of discolorations on tooth surfaces, the correction of deformations caused by abrasion and minor fractures on tooth enamel surfaces,the closing of the gaps between the teeth (diastema), the suply of a more aesthetic appearance to the anatomically distorted tooth or teeth, the removal of aceremias seen in anterior teeth,if appropriate, the lengthening the length of the teeth in the front region, the arrangement of the smile line, the repair of broken teeth,the treatment of abrasions caused by incorrect and hard tooth brushing, especially on the surfaces in contact with the lips and cheeks of the teeth in the anterior region as well as the treatment of the caries in that area.
If direct composite lamina treatments are performed for the purpose of repairing tooth fractures or arranging implied teeth, a minimal erosion can be done in the teeth due to the need to arrange the broken line and perpendicular teeth and clean the caries and colored tooth tissue, if any.
When it is used for aesthetic requirements, it can be applied without any abrasion on the teeth.This is one of the biggest advantages of direct composite laminate method.Furthermore, it is possible to make changes to the restoration or to restore the teeth.In cases where no abrasion is performed, the anesthesia is not necessary and it represents a painless treatment option.Although it depends on the number of teeth to be treated, the treatment is usually completed in one session and in one or two hours.Compared to the porcelain laminates, they are more economical and easier to repair and these are among the important advantages of this method.
Uzm. Dt. Mustafa KAYACAN